Saturday, September 30, 2006

[afghanistan] counter-productive strategy nobbling any gains

As the article below reveals, the strategy employed in Afghanistan has been at best half-baked and at worst, deliberately destructive. For a start, the Lindy English Abu Ghraib mentality towards the local populace has been allowed to proliferate from above, unchecked, and by definition, this means with approval. It’s rubbish to suggest that anything went on without at least tolerance at higher echelons. The military doesn’t operate that way.

Any military man can tell you that there is always the danger of the negativity towards the narrowly defined enemy extending in troops’ minds firstly towards the harbourers of the enemy and thence towards the local population. There is substantial evidence on record that the US and UK troops view the local muslim populations as something less than human and that they feel they are there to ‘sort out a few of these creampuffs’.

What is happening is classic Nietzsche, classic Nazi and in military terms, criminally counter-productive. ‘Criminally’, because any action unnecessarily impinging on or detracting from territorial and psychological gains is by definition pro-enemy and therefore treasonable. To go into an area, conquer it by superior force of arms and then not to follow it up is pure craziness and results in far greater danger to the troops than before.

So the only conclusion one can come to in this situation is that either the politicos controlling the campaign are dangerously and criminally inept in military matters or else they’re ignoring their military commanders or else it’s a deliberately strategy born of pure hatred for a section of the human race and lacking in any care and consideration for the under-equipped troops sent in to enforce half-baked policy aims. This is unforgivable from a military point of view and for any modern commander, the avoidable human wastage carries no percentage.

The following article is sobering, even if written by a journalist rather than a military man:

There have been critics enough of the US-led military actions under way in Afghanistan, but now military commanders, too, have begun to question just what they are doing in Afghanistan.

Most prominently, an officer who was an aide to the British forces in Helmand, the southern district of Afghanistan that has witnessed the strongest fighting between the Taliban and international forces, has come out with strong criticism of the British army in Afghanistan - and quit the army.

Captain Leo Docherty said the British campaign in Helmand province was "a textbook case of how to screw up a counterinsurgency". His statements came in an open letter that was reported in the British media - but not followed up in much public debate.

The officer raised the fundamental question of the development of Afghanistan arising from the campaign to capture Sangin town in Helmand, a military campaign in which he participated. Docherty says British troops managed to capture the Taliban stronghold, but then had nothing to offer by way of development.

"The military is just one side of the triangle," he said. "Where were the Department for International Development and the Foreign Office?" As forces sat back with little to offer, the Taliban hit back and British troops there were bunkered up and under daily attack, he wrote. "Now the ground has been lost and all we're doing in places like Sangin is surviving," said Docherty. "It's completely barking mad."

And such action is only provoking greater support for the Taliban, he warned. "All those people whose homes have been destroyed and sons killed are going to turn against the British. It's a pretty clear equation - if people are losing homes and poppy fields, they will go and fight. I certainly would." He added that British troops had been "grotesquely clumsy" in their operations, and that the military policy was "pretty shocking and not something I want to be part of".

Development and rights groups have for long been critical of an exclusively military intervention. They have warned also that military action of this kind appears to local Afghans as part of a larger Western assault on the Muslim world.

"There were windows of opportunity for collaboration five years ago between the West and Muslim countries, but the window of opportunity is closed now, that is for sure," said Emmanuel Reinert, head of the Senlis Council, an independent group studying the effects of drug policies in Afghanistan.

"We can still reopen it, but we need to show that we are going to change our ways," he said. "There has to be a clear change in our approach, a change of management."

There is little promise that will happen. The United States has been struggling to get more soldiers into Afghanistan to bolster the international force. The emphasis on strengthening the military rather than raising resources for development is only getting enhanced.

Human development by way of improved rights for women is in fact becoming a casualty of the military operations - after declarations that human development was one of the goals of the Afghanistan intervention, besides countering terrorism.

The Senlis Council has reported starvation conditions in several parts of southern Afghanistan. And this is only increasing support for the Taliban, and potentially for terrorism, too.

The increased military presence is not always helping the military, either. Another British army officer said in a leaked e-mail that the air force was "utterly, utterly useless" in protecting troops on the ground in Afghanistan. The air force has been called in as ground troops face increased attacks from the Taliban.

Such military voices from the front in Afghanistan are in alarming tune with warnings from groups such as the Senlis Council. Some soldiers are talking the language of development now more than governments are.

The new voices from Washington suggest increased pressure on Pakistan to cease military support for the Taliban, under pressure from visiting Afghan President Hamid Karzai. Much of the future of Afghanistan could depend on decisions - or the lack of them - on increasing development support for the country.

By Sanjay Suri, Inter Press Service

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